A native wildflower common to moist woods, thickets and near streams. Clusters of dark blue blooms that do not open appear atop the stems and in leaf axils in late summer. Plants are slow-growing, but long-lived.
Prefers partial shade and cool, moist, well-drained soil. Tolerant of clay soil. Deer resistant. A favorite of bumblebees who will pry open the blooms to get at the nectar. Native to much of Eastern N. Am.
Characteristics & Attributes